The International Phonetic Alphabet is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardised representation of the sounds of spoken language. Phonetic symbols, therefore, represent a speech sound, and each SSP 'Speech Sound Monster' is an alternative to one of these phonetic symbols. ​They are phonetic symbols for kids! Rather than learning phonetic symbols, children learn the Monsters, and all have their own personalities, movement, and music. Young children develop an awareness of the English speech sounds we use, and how to 'talk on paper' in a playful, fun way. Reading and writing for pleasure is key. 
Monster Mapping is used within the 

'I Can Read Without You' program.  
 

Speech Sound Pics (SSP) Approach from Miss Emma

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Monster Mapping with Miss Emma, The Reading Whisperer. The Speech Sound Pics (SSP) Approach
Now used within the Early Years ICRWY (I Can Read Without You) Project